Alexey Root, Ph.D.
Dr. Alexey Root is a Senior Lecturer at The University of Texas at Dallas and advisor for Chess Online. Root has been a tournament chess player since age 9 and won the U.S. women’s championship in 1989.
QUESTION: You offer a two course program for educators teaching them how to incorporate Chess into their classroom curriculum. Why would K-12 teachers be well advised to do that in general?
The courses, and my books, are aimed at educators of grades 3-8. But I have had educators of younger (pre-K through 2) and of high school students take my courses too. The courses will be valuable for educators looking for an inexpensive, time-efficient way to engage their students and teach them important subject matter concepts as well.
More specifically your teaching indicates chess can be useful in developing students’ visual/spatial intelligence, reading, and math concepts. How?
I answer these questions in my books Science, Math, Checkmate: 32 Chess Activities for Inquiry and Problem Solving (2006, Teacher Ideas Press) and Read, Write, Checkmate: Enrich Literacy with Chess Activities (2009, Teacher Ideas Press). We also explore these questions in depth throughout the courses. I'm worried that a brief answer here will be misleading to such an important question.
In addition to building cognitive skills, do you think chess can be used in the classroom to raise social skills, and if yes, how?
Chess playing requires cooperation. Players agree to follow the rules of the game and conventions of chess etiquette, such as the touch move rule (if you touch a chessman, you have to move it). There are also many cooperative projects that can be done with chess. For example, for Read, Write, Checkmate, my middle school students wrote and published a chess book.
There’s a lot of talk about Flow in your descriptions. Can you elaborate for us how chess playing and practice would create flow and why the experiential immersion of flow is relevant for classroom teachers to understand?
I would direct those interested in flow to read Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi’s books. Chess is only one of many possible activities, including other games and sports, leading to flow. Like those activities, chess engages us, which is important to educators facing students with short attention spans. As I wrote in my book Children and Chess: A Guide for Educators (2006, Teacher Ideas Press), “Chess has much to offer for students in grades 3-8. Chess enables experiences of deep concentration, sharpens competitive skills, activates multiple intelligences, and allows students to experience sacrifice, problem solving, and planning….All students gain the important idea of thinking before taking action."
When did you become interested in chess?
My dad taught me to play when I was five years old, and let me win for several years. Because he is not a tournament player, I was able to defeat him "for real" when I was nine years old. Then he took me to our local chess club in Lincoln, NE.
You teach a course in Institutional and Cultural Contexts of Chess. How does culture influence female participation? Have you experienced any interesting examples of this in your online courses?
One of the texts the graduate students read in “Chess II: Institutional and Cultural Contexts of Chess” is Marilyn Yalom's Birth of the Chess Queen. Yalom traces the history of chess, writing about women who played chess and about how the evolution of the vizier to the queen reflected societal trends. My online courses usually are about 50-50 male and female students. I haven’t come across interesting examples of female participation within the courses, though students have written interesting papers about Yalom’s book.
Tell us a little about your experiences as a winning female in with chess tournaments…
Most tournaments in the United States are open events. That is, both males and females compete together for the same prizes. Around 10% of United States Chess Federation members under age 21 are female, and the percentage drops to around 3-4% for those over 21. These percentages are higher than when I began competing in 1975. Even today, though, when a female wins, the victory generates more attention than the same tournament victory by a male. On the other hand, it can be isolating to be the only female at a tournament.
How long have you been teaching online?
I have been teaching the “Chess in the Classroom I: Elementary” (ED 4358 and ED 5344) courses in the sequence since 2001. I began teaching both courses (ED 4359 and ED 5345) of “Chess II: Institutional and Cultural Contexts of Chess” in the fall of 2007 and continue to also teach both Chess I courses.
What was the biggest surprise to you about teaching online?
I think the biggest surprise is how grateful students are. When I answer their emails immediately, which I often do because I am on my computer constantly, they thank me. It makes them happy to get answers right away. They can also access the Grade Center within the eLearning course and see at a glance exactly how they are doing in my courses. In a live course, I might be able to respond as quickly during class. But, in between classes, my response time might not be as fast as it can be with email and eLearning. So, to sum up, the positive benefits of instant responses via email is a terrific surprise about online teaching.
What have been the greatest rewards and challenges you face as an instructor teaching online?
The rewards are easy to state: my students' successes! Several students have written funded grant applications and been published with material developed in my courses. Two of my undergraduate students received Undergraduate Research Scholar Awards in the fall of 2008.
The challenges have been minor, but annoying, technological ones. For example, when UT Dallas switched its information system in fall 2009 my students were not loaded into my classes on the first day of the semester. Although they were loaded in by day two, I spent much of day one emailing various people to figure out when the problem would be solved.
What do you hope students take away from the successful completion of the Chess online courses?
After completing Chess I and Chess II, students have:
- played chess;
- notated and annotated their games;
- read, analyzed, and discussed course texts;
- cited and referenced using APA (Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association) style;
- written, taught, and reflected on lessons, and;
- proposed a chess program for a specific institution.
In addition to the six accomplishments above, ED 5344 students analyze three chess curricula and write an APA-style paper about their findings. ED 5345 students read, and write an APA-style paper about, Birth of the Chess Queen (Yalom, 2004).