Maurice M. Kay, Sr. Collection, 1906-
H158-88

 Finding aid prepared by Thomas J. Allen, PhD

Collection Overview

Repository
Special Collections and Archives Division, History of Aviation Collection.
Creator - Creator
Kay, Maurice M., Mr., 1906-
Creator - Donor
Kay, Maurice M., Mr., Jr.
Title
Maurice M. Kay, Sr. Collection
ID
H158-88
Date [bulk]
Bulk, 1933-1965
Date [inclusive]
1910-1968
Extent
10.5 Linear feet (Seven manuscript boxes, one oversize box (10x13.5x3), two oversize boxes (18.5x13x1.5), one oversize box (25x13.5x1.5).)
Language of Materials
Collection is in English.
Abstract
Maurice M. Kay, Sr. learned to fly at the Dallas Aviation School at Love Field in Dallas, Texas in the 1920s. After brief careers with Bowen and Long and Harmon Airlines, he joined American Airways (the predecessor to American Airlines) in 1934. While with American Airlines he flew aerial resupply missions to Burma and China over "The Hump" during World War II, served in capacities as a Pilot Instructor and Check Pilot, and as a Line Pilot of the Lockheed L-188, Boeing 707, and 720. He retired from American Airlines in 1966.

Citation

Maurice M. Kay, Sr. Collection, Document name or type, Folder number, Box number, Series number, History of Aviation Collection, Special Collections and Archives Division, Eugene McDermott Library, The University of Texas at Dallas.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

Special Collections and Archives Division, History of Aviation Collection. 11 February 2016

800 West Campbell Road, MC33
Richardson, TX, 75080-3021
972-883-2570
[email protected]

Revision Description

 Some materials were damaged, which caused a reprocessing of the entire collection and a conversion to HTML Format. 11 February 2016

Access Restrictions

Materials in this collection are open for research.

Literary Rights Statement

Permission to publish material from this collection in any form, current or future, must be obtained from the Special Collections and Archives Division, Eugene McDermott Library, The University of Texas at Dallas.

Provenance Statement

The Maurice M. Kay, Sr. Collection was donated to the History of Aviation Collection, Special Collections and Archives Division, Eugene McDermott Library, The University of Texas at Dallas, by Maurice M. Kay, Jr. on December 1, 1988.

Note to the Researcher

Some of the materials in this collection were damaged by a leak in one of the boxes. The wet documents were dried and then returned to the collection. Several of the artifacts needed to be cleaned and treated and were placed back into the collection. Some items still have damage and care must be used in the handling of them.

Material Removed List

Due to water damage one plastic altitude/positioning computer which had completely disintegrated was removed from the collection and discarded.

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Controlled Access Headings

Personal Name(s)

  • Kay, Maurice M., Mr., 1906-

Subject(s)

  • History of Aviation Collection

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Biographical Sketch

Maurice M, Kay Sr. was born on February 9, 1906 in Pearson, Kansas. He later moved to Texas and began flight training at the Dallas Aviation School at Love Field in the mid-1920s. He flew independently as a barnstormer, instructor, and contract pilot until he joined Texas based Bowen Airlines. In 1934, he left Bowen and joined Long and Harmon (another local Texas airline), however the airline tried to change previously negotiated pilot pay rates. Kay, along with several other Long and Harmon pilots took their issues with the new rates to the Airline Pilots Association (ALPA, the pilot’s union) and threatened to strike. Long and Harmon retaliated by firing the pilots. The pilot's and ALPA filed and won several court judgments against Long and Harmon and were reinstated to their jobs.

Kay decided not to return to Long and Harmon instead choosing to join American Airlines. Kay flew as a regular commercial pilot with American until 1942 when was he assigned to fly cargo aircraft in support of World War II military operations as part of the Air Transport Command (ATC). In 1943, Kay, and other American Airlines personnel were assigned to Project 7-Alpha and sent to India where they provided combat airlift over “The Hump”. They spent ninety days flying C-87 cargo aircraft over the Himalayas and into Burma and Southern China in support of operations against the Japanese. After the end of this mission, Kay returned to the Air Transport Command, and then went back to regular duties in 1945.

Upon his return to regular flying, Kay became an Instructor pilot who oversaw the transition training of newly hired American servicemen from the military to civilian versions of the DC-3 and DC-4. He then spent three years as Assistant Chief Pilot and Check Pilot before returning to regular line flying. In 1960 Kay made the transition to turboprop Aircraft and the Lockheed L-188, and then to jets with the Boeing 707 and 720. He retired from American Airlines in 1966.

Source
 Burwell, Lewis C., Jr. “Project 7 on the Hump”. CBI Order of Battle, accessed February 2, 2016, http://www.cbi-history.com/part_xii_project_7.html.
Source
 Hopkins, George B. 1992. Flying the Line: The First Half Century of The Air Line Pilots Association. Washington, D.C.: ALPA Press.
Source
 Maurice M. Kay, Sr. Collection, Personal Correspondence, Folder number 1, Box number 1, Series number I, History of Aviation Collection, Special Collections and Archives Division, Eugene McDermott Library, The University of Texas at Dallas.

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Scope and Content

This collection contains documents, photographs, reports, operations manuals, and memorabilia related to Maurice M. Kay, Sr.’s career as a cargo and passenger airline pilot. The Maurice M. Kay, Sr. Collection is housed in seven manuscript boxes and three oversize boxes totaling 10.5 linear feet.

The collection arrived in good condition and was arranged by the archivist. Sometime after the collection’s initial processing and description a leak occurred in one of the oversize boxes that damaged some materials. The affected materials that could be salvaged were cleaned and dried, but some material was disposed (for detailed information see the Materials Removed section of this finding aid). The archivist identified seven series:

The first series contains biographical information related to Maurice M. Kay, Sr. including personal and business correspondence, employment documents, information about Bowen and Long and Harmon Airlines, photographs, and news clippings.

The second series includes Maurice M. Kay, Sr.’s pilot’s license, his pilot logbooks covering the years 1929 until his retirement from American Airlines in 1966, and a pilot’s logbook for his wife Jackie Kay.

The third series houses operations memos, service bulletins, reports, briefing documents, passenger comment cards, flight records, articles on the Grey Eagles (retired American Airlines pilots), and other documents generated during Maurice M. Kay, Sr.’s career with American Airlines.

The fourth series consists of maintenance manuals and instruction books for the Curtiss OX-5 and Lycoming R-680 engines, and the Douglas DC-2 aircraft.

The fifth series contains government documents including Civil Aeronautics Board Directives, reports on flying in weather and at night, and military flight manuals.

The sixth series includes manuals and reports on radio navigation, aeronautical charts for the United States, Canada, and Mexico, maps of the various regions of the world, and a Jeppesen Briefing Bulletin covering approaches and procedures at the major airports of the world.

The seventh series consist of patches and blood chits carried by Maurice M. Kay, Sr. while flying for Project 7 in the China Burma India theater during World War II; badges, insignia, and pilot wings from American Airlines; various navigational aids, computers, and manuals, Amelia Earhart’s autograph, a star-finder, and artifacts from the Air Transport Command and The Airline Pilots Association.

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Series Description

The Maurice M. Kay, Sr. Collection is arranged into seven series:

Series I. Biographical Information .5 linear ft. (half a manuscript box), 1910-1954.

Series II. Pilot's License and Logbooks 1 linear foot (one manuscript box), 1928-1965.

Series III. American Airlines 1 linear foot (one manuscript box), 1934-1968.

Series IV. Aircraft Engines and Maintenance .25 linear feet (half a manuscript box), 1917-1936.

Series V. Government Documents .25 linear feet (half a manuscript box), 1948-1970.

Series VI. Aerial Navigation, Maps, Charts 1.25 linear feet (two and a half manuscript boxes), 1921-1966.

Series VII. Artifacts and Memorabilia 6.25 linear feet (four oversize boxes), 1935-1966.

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Related Materials

Additional Sources

Additional material on Long and Harmon and Bowen airlines can be found in H001-68 Temple Bowen Collection. More information on American Airlines is located in  H051-84 Raymond Willard Hayes Collection.

Books and Magazines

Books and magazines were pulled and catalogued to be included into the HAC monograph and magazine stacks.

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Image ID

It is the researcher's responsibility to secure permission from copyright holders of materials to which this institution does not own copyright.

Images in this collection are identified by a unique number that provides information about the format, record group, collection, box, folder, and image numbers. Please use this number when ordering reproductions of images from this collection.

Record Group Code

1 = CAT/Air America Archives

2 = Doolittle Archives

3 = Lighter than Air Archives

4 = George H. Williams, Jr., World War I Aviation Library

5 = History of Aviation Archives

6 = University Archives

7 = HAC Stacks

8 = WPRL Stacks

9 = Cecil H. and Ida M. Green Collection

10 = Belsterling Collection

11 = Closed Stacks

12 = Unidentified

13 = Chance Vought Archives

14 = Twirly Birds Archives

Image Format Code

P = Photograph/Postcard

S = Slide

N = Negative

T = Positive Transparency

B = Black and White

C = Color

Example : 5MMK-1-8PB1

5 = History of Aviation Archives (HAC)

MMK = Maurice M. Kay, Sr. Collection

1 = Box Number

8 = Folder Number

P = Photograph/Postcard

B = Black and White

1 = Image Number

Images archived in plastic image holders may also have a location code in the format: 1/TL. In this example, the number is the sheet number and the letters indicate the top left position on the sheet. Position indicators are T = top, L = left, R = right, M = middle, and B = bottom. Position indicators may be combined to describe the position on the sheet, as shown in this example.

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Collection Inventory

Series I: Biographical Information 

Personal Correspondence. 1932-1967 


    Box Folder
Text   1 1

Business Correspondence. 1934-1944 


    Box Folder
Text   1 2

Employment Contracts: American Airlines and Braniff Airways. 1936-1973 


    Box Folder
Text   1 3

Bowen Airlines Advertising Card. Undated 


    Box Folder
Text   1 4

Bowen Airlines: From the Ground Up. 1930 


    Box Folder
Text   1 5

Pamphlets: Airlines and Aviation. 1928-1979 


    Box Folder
Text   1 6

News Clippings: Maurice M. Kay and Aviation. 1928-1979 


    Box Folder
Text   1 7

Photographs: M.M. Kay, Aircraft, and Aerial Photography: 5MMK-1-8PB1 to 5MMK-1-8N72. 1910-1954 


    Box Folder
Graphic materials   1 8

Aviation Post Cards and Decals. 1958 


    Box Folder
Graphic materials   1 9

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Series II: Pilot's License and Logbooks 

M.M. Kay Pilot's License. Undated 


    Box Folder
Text   1 10

M.M. Kay's Aeronautical Data Notebooks. Undated 


    Box Folder
Text   1 11

M.M. Kay Pilot's Logbook. 1928-1929 


    Box Folder
Text   1 12

M.M. Kay Pilot's Logbook. 1930-1935 


    Box Folder
Text   1 13

M.M. Kay Pilot's Logbook. 1935-1944 


    Box Folder
Text   2 1

M.M. Kay Pilot's Logbook. 1944-1953 


    Box Folder
Text   2 2

M.M. Kay Pilot's Logbook. 1953-1960 


    Box Folder
Text   2 3

M.M. Kay Pilot's Logbook. 1961-1963 


    Box Folder
Text   2 4

M.M. Kay Pilot's Logbook. 1963-1965 


    Box Folder
Text   2 5

Jackie Kay's Pilot Logbook. 1929 


    Box Folder
Text   2 6

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Series III: American Airlines 

American Airlines History. 1953 


    Box Folder
Text   2 7

American Airlines Incident Reports. 1938-1964 


    Box Folder
Text   2 8

American Airlines Customer Comments. 1946-1965 


    Box Folder
Text   2 9

American Airlines Letters of Commendation. 1945-1964 


    Box Folder
Text   2 10

American Airlines Transfer Requests. 1939-1946 


    Box Folder
Text   2 11

American Airlines Instrument Check Reports. 1941-1948 


    Box Folder
Text   2 12

American Airlines Proficiency and Line Check. 1944-1961 


    Box Folder
Text   2 13

Supplemental Agreement Between American Airlines and Airline Pilots Association (ALPA). 1943 


    Box Folder
Text   2 14

American Airlines Recognition Training Diploma and Retirement Plan. 1943 


    Box Folder
Text   2 15

American Airlines Radio Navigation Map. 1935 


    Box Folder
Text   2 16

American Airlines Route Maps. Undated 


    Box Folder
Text   2 17

American Airlines Airway Charts. 1941-1965 


    Box Folder
Text   2 18

American Airlines Airport Diagrams. 1965 


    Box Folder
Text   2 19

American Airlines Flight Manual - Part 1. 1965-1966 


    Box Folder
Text   3 1

American Airlines Operations Manual. 1943 


    Box Folder
Text   3 2

American Airlines Crew Operations Information. 1937-1939 


    Box Folder
Text   3 3

American Airlines Operational Memos - Folder 1. 1934-1935 


    Box Folder
Text   3 4

American Airlines Operational Memos - Folder 2. 1934-1935 


    Box Folder
Text   3 5

American Airlines Maintenance Operations Documents. 1944 


    Box Folder
Text   3 6

American Airlines Flight Bulletins. 1964-1965 


    Box Folder
Text   3 7

American Airlines Flight Bulletins. 1965 


    Box Folder
Text   3 8

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Series IV: Aircraft Engines and Maintenance 

Curtiss OX-5 Parts List and Curtiss JN4D Handbook. 1917-1918 


    Box Folder
Text   4 1

Douglas Service Bulletins. 1935-1936 


    Box Folder
Text   4 2

Douglas DC-2 Service Bulletins. 1935-1936 


    Box Folder
Text   4 3

Lycoming R-680 Instruction Book. 1930 


    Box Folder
Text   4 4

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Series V: Government Documents 

Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB) Civil Air Regulations. 1943 


    Box Folder
Text   4 5

Federal Government Reports: Thunderstorms and Weather Flying. 1941-1970 


    Box Folder
Text   4 6

Military Air Transport Manual: Instrument Flying. 1943 


    Box Folder
Text   4 7

Report of the CAB: Crash of Aircraft at Fairfield, Utah 12-15-42. 1943 


    Box Folder
Text   4 8

Hail: Excerpts from the Summary of Available Hail Literature. 1948 


    Box Folder
Text   4 9

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Series VI: Aerial Navigation, Maps, Charts 

Radio Broadcast Data - Radio Range Finding. Undated 


    Box Folder
Text   4 10

The Aircraft Handbook. 1921 


    Box Folder
Text   5 1

Southern Alternate Air Route Maps. Undated 


    Box Folder
Text   5 2

Tables of Compound Altitude and Azimuth (Latitudes 30 Degrees to 39 Degrees Inclusive). Undated 


    Box Folder
Text   5 3

American Airlines System Maps. 1933-1935 


    Box Folder
Text   5 4

Aeronautical Charts: Tennessee - Kentucky. Undated 


    Box Folder
Text   5 5

Aeronautical Charts: Texas. Undated 


    Box Folder
Text   5 6

Aeronautical Charts: The United States. Undated 


    Box Folder
Text   6 1

Aeronautical Charts: Cities in the United States. Undated 


    Box Folder
Text   6 2

Aeronautical Charts: United States Rivers and Waterways. Undated 


    Box Folder
Text   6 3

Aeronautical Charts: Mexico. Undated 


    Box Folder
Text   6 4

Maps: North America. Undated 


    Box Folder
Text   6 5

Maps: Africa. Undated 


    Box Folder
Text   6 6

Maps: Europe. Undated 


    Box Folder
Text   6 7

Maps: South America. Undated 


    Box Folder
Text   6 8

Maps: Antarctica and Australia. Undated 


    Box Folder
Text   6 9

Maps: Asia. Undated 


    Box Folder
Text   6 10

Maps: The World and Oceans. Undated 


    Box Folder
Text   6 11

Jeppesen Briefing Bulletin: Intro - D. 1966 


    Box Folder
Text   7 1

Jeppesen Briefing Bulletin: E-O. 1966 


    Box Folder
Text   7 2

Jeppesen Briefing Bulletin: M-Z. 1966 


    Box Folder
Text   7 3

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Series VII: Artifacts and Memorabilia 

World War II China-Burma-India (CBI) Blood Chits (x2). Undated 


    Box Folder
Realia   8 1

Maurice M. Kay Leather Name Badge. Undated 


    Box Folder
Realia   9 1

American Airlines Employee #495 Identification Badge. Undated 


    Box Folder
Realia   9 2

ALPA Lapel Pin. Undated 


    Box Folder
Realia   9 3

American Airlines First Officer Insignia. Undated 


    Box Folder
Realia   9 4

American Airline Wings (Silver). Undated 


    Box Folder
Realia   9 5

American Airlines Wings (Gold). Undated 


    Box Folder
Realia   9 6

American Airlines Wings (Globe and Star Design). Undated 


    Box Folder
Realia   9 7

Radio Earpiece. Undated 


    Box Folder
Realia   9 8

Air Transport Command Signet Ring. Undated 


    Box Folder
Realia   9 9

Air Transport Command Button. Undated 


    Box Folder
Realia   9 9

American Airlines Project 7A Pins (x2). Undated 


    Box Folder
Realia   9 11

American Airlines Freight Personnel Baggage Tag (Metal). Undated 


    Box Folder
Realia   9 12

American Airlines Business Cards and Holder. Undated 


    Box Folder
Realia   9 13

American Airlines Gold Eagle Pilot Wings. Undated 


    Box Folder
Realia   9 14

M.M. Kay Nameplates (x2). Undated 


    Box Folder
Realia   9 15

American Airlines Matchbook. Undated 


    Box Folder
Realia   9 16

CBI Theater Shoulder Patch. Undated 


    Box Folder
Realia   9 17

Wizard Mechanical Calculator. Undated 


    Box Folder
Realia   9 18

Gentlemen’s Travel Kit. Undated 


    Box Folder
Realia   9 19

American Airlines Grey Eagles Service Plaque: M.M. Kay. 1966 


    Box Folder
Realia   10 1

Crutiss Wright Cruising and Engine Power Calculator. Undated 


    Box Folder
Realia   10 2

American Airlines DC-4 Fuel and Distance Calculator. Undated 


    Box Folder
Realia   10 3

Cigarette Lighter Cord. Undated 


    Box Folder
Realia   10 4

Latitude Calculations. Undated 


    Box Folder
Realia   10 5

Notebook: Local Airfield Conditions. Undated 


    Box Folder
Realia   10 6

Notebook: Aeronautical Vest Pocket Handbook. Undated 


    Box Folder
Realia   10 7

Notebook: Landing Instructions. Undated 


    Box Folder
Realia   10 8

ALPA Membership Cards. Undated 


    Box Folder
Realia   10 9

American Airlines Operations Telephone Directory. 1965 


    Box Folder
Realia   10 10

Amelia Earhart Signature. 1933 


    Box Folder
Realia   10 11

Navigational Computers (Water Damage). Undated 


    Box Folder
Realia   11 1

Engine Logbook Pouch. Undated 


    Box Folder
Realia   11 2

DC-6/DC-7 Power/Takeoff Charts. 1954 


    Box Folder
Realia   11 3

Jeppesen Improved Altitude/Temperature Computer. 1964 


    Box Folder
Realia   11 4

Starfinder and Identifier (Celestial Navigation). 1933 


    Box Folder
Realia   11 5

American Airlines DC-3 and DC-4 Posters. Undated 


    Box Folder
Realia   11 6

Photograph: Dinner for American Airlines Employees Assigned to Project 7-Alpha: 5MMK-11-7PB1. 1944 


    Box Folder
Graphic materials   11 7

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