Prof Warns of Risks Hiding on Social Network Sites
Seemingly Innocuous Facebook Data Could Be Valuable to Identity Thieves
Oct. 7, 2009
The data that can be easily extracted from people’s online social networking activities could be either a blessing or a curse, says a UT Dallas researcher.
On the one hand, an analysis of people’s interactions could improve public policy, helping city planners, for example, determine optimal locations for public health clinics. But on the other hand, you could have your identity stolen and your savings account wiped out after sharing seemingly innocuous details about yourself.
These are the sorts of things Dr. Murat Kantarcioglu is exploring.
In the early stages of his research, he’s asking questions such as whether details of your Facebook user profile and friendship links can be used to accurately predict your political affiliation. (Yes, according to his results.) Another question is whether a prospective employer could use your information to try to predict whether you would make a good employee. And if so and you object to that, what could you do to protect yourself?
Protecting Your Privacy
A few things to keep in mind when posting information about yourself.
• The first five digits of your Social Security number are derived from your birth date and your hometown. So if you post your birth date and hometown — and many people do — you could potentially be revealing over half of your Social Security number.
• Make sure your privacy settings on social networking sites are set to provide you with the level of privacy you want. “Many people are not using the privacy settings to their fullest,” Dr. Kantarcioglu said.
• Don’t post any pictures that you wouldn’t want the whole world to see.
The information on Facebook and other social-networking sites isn’t public, but Murat Kantarcioglu believes it’s wisest to think of it as being at risk of becoming public.
“Definitely we lose some of our privacy by participating in social-networking sites like Facebook,” said Kantarcioglu, an assistant professor of computer science. “And powerful data analysis tools definitely allow people to infer things you may wish to keep private. But just what private information can be inferred from the information you divulge? That’s one of the things we’re looking at right now.”
Another basic question is how much information can be gathered without ever impinging on people’s privacy?
“Social network analysis is possible in many ways,” he said. “You can analyze e-mail traffic among people in an organization, for example, and without actually reading any of the e-mails themselves learn something from the patterns of the relationships among employees, including the centers of influence in an organization.”
And the potential benefits of social-network analysis are hard to ignore.
Studying social networks of romantic relationships among high school or college students, for example, might reveal who’s at risk of contracting a sexually transmitted disease, helping drive public health efforts. Social-networking analysis can depict such relationships in a graphic that previously would have required months of research.
“Now it’s easy to just write a program to extract the social network information you’re interested in,” said Kantarcioglu, who is also director of the Data Security and Privacy Lab in the Erik Jonsson School of Engineering and Computer Science at UT Dallas.
“The trick is how to get the advantages without compromising privacy,” he added. “That’s what we’re working on here.”
But companies with their own interests are increasingly asking themselves what they can do with social-networking information, he said.
“What kind of analysis or data mining can they do to get information about, say, purchasing preferences?” he asked. “What conclusions or suppositions about you can they arrive at based on who your friends are and what they know about those friends?”
People are sharing vast amounts of personal information about themselves, for better or worse, he said.
“It’s easy now to link together credit card purchases with Facebook data, geographic information, etc.,” he said. “No one that we know of at this point is combining it all, but I think eventually they will.”
People may ask, What do I have to hide? But Kantarcioglu points out that by revealing your birth date and your hometown, others can infer up to five digits of your Social Security number, putting them just four digits away from identity theft.
Or what if something you revealed casually on a social-networking site caused your insurance company to raise your premium?
“The safest thing is to put as little information as possible out there,” he said.
If you put it out there, he added, it will be there forever. He suggests people ask themselves, Would I have a problem if everyone were to see this?
“Techniques can be developed to do useful analysis that would benefit city planning and public health and other public policy issues,” he said. “But how do you extract that useful information from the data without sacrificing privacy? I think we can both collect the information and protect privacy if we try harder.”
Kantarcioglu’s work is sponsored in part by the National Science Foundation and by the U.S. Air Force Office of Scientific Research. He is a member of the Jonsson School’s CyberSecurity Research Center, which has generated more than $10 million in research funding in the past four years from NASA, the Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity, the Office of Naval Research and the National Geospatial Intelligence Agency, in addition to NSF and AFOSR.
“Over the past four years our team has come to be known as an important interdisciplinary team working on a variety of cybersecurity issues, and so major universities are now coming to us to work on collaborative projects,” said Dr. Bhavani Thuraisingham, director of the cybersecurity center.
Media Contact: The Office of Media Relations, UT Dallas, (972) 883-2155, [email protected]
Dr. Murat Kantarcioglu
He and a student, who now works for Facebook, took 167,000 profiles and 3 million links among people in the Dallas-Fort Worth area. They used three methods to predict a person’s political views: One prediction model used only the details in people’s profiles, another used only friendship links, and the third combined the two sets of data.
The researchers found that certain traits, such as knowing what groups people belonged to or what their favorite music was, were quite predictive of political affiliation. But they also found that they did better than a random guess when only using friendship connections. The best results came from combining the two approaches.
Initial research results were presented at the prestigious World Wide Web 2009 Conference last spring in Madrid.