The Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR) has funded more than 50 years of critical basic research efforts for the Air Force. AFSOR has formed alliances with other government agencies, industry and academic community in order to progress in long term research into engineering and aerospace-related science. The main focus of AFOSR research is national warfighting and peacekeeping capabilities.
The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has been working since 1970 for a cleaner healthier environment for American people. EPA's purpose is to ensure national efforts to reduce environmental risks as well as federal laws protecting human health are enforced fairly and effectively. On an international scale, EPA also works to ensure that the United States plays a vital role in cooperating with other nations to protect the global environment.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is an agency of the United States Department of Defense responsible for technological breakthroughs used by the military. DARPA has been responsible for funding for many technologies such as computer networking. It has worked with other national security by funding research and technology development that changes the way we live.
The Department of Defense (DoD) provides military forces needed to deter war as well as protect the security of our country. It is America's oldest and largest government agency. DoD works to ensure providing official, timely and accurate information about the defense policies, organizations, functions and operations.
The Department of Education (DoEd) works to "promote student achievement and preparation for global competiveness by fostering educational excellence and ensuring equal access." It was created in 1980 dedicated to establishing policies on federal financial aid for education and distributing as well as monitoring those funds, collecting data on America's schools and disseminating research, focusing national attention on key educational issues, prohibiting discrimination and ensuring equal access to education.
The Department of Energy (DoE) is the single largest Federal government supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, providing more than 40 percent of total Federal funding for this vital area of national importance. It oversees, and is the principal Federal funding agency of, the Nation's research programs in high-energy physics, nuclear physics, and fusion energy sciences. Such a diverse research portfolio supports tens of thousands of principal investigators, post-doctoral students, and graduate students who are tackling some of the most challenging scientific questions of our era.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is a United States government agency that is responsible for science and technology related to air and space. It stated in 1958 after the launch of the Soviet satellite Sputnik. The agency was created to oversee U.S. space exploration and aeronautics research
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NIH is the largest source of funding for medical research in the world and is made up of 27 Institutes and Centers, each with a specific research agenda, often focusing on particular diseases or body systems.
The National Institute of Justice (NIJ) is dedicated to improving knowledge and understanding of crime and justice issues through science. It was created in 1969 and has been the leader of almost every innovation in criminal research and policy ever since. NIJ provides objective and independent knowledge and tools to reduce crime while promoting justice at state and local levels.
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) was founded in 1901 and is now part of the U.S. Department of Commerce. It is one of the nation's oldest physical science laboratories. NIST was established to improve the U.S. industrial competiveness since it lagged behind the capabilities of England, Germany, and other economic rivals. NIST laboratories collaborate closely with industry that advances the nation's technology infrastructure and helps U.S. companies continually improve products and services.
The National Reconnaissance Office (NRO) is the U.S. government agency in charge of designing, building, launching, and maintain America's intelligence satellites. The NRO's primary mission is to advance and shape the Intelligence Community's understanding of the discipline, practice, and history of national reconnaissance. NRO works to ensure that their leadership has the analytical framework and historical context to make effective policy and programmatic decisions.
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency created by congress in 1950. Their mission is to promote the progress of science; to advance the national health, prosperity, and the welfare; to secure the national defense". NSF is the only federal agency whose mission includes support for all fields of fundamental science and engineering except for medical sciences. NSF is the major source of federal backing in fields such as mathematics, computer science, and the social sciences.
The Office of Naval Research's (ONR) mission includes measures to create efficiencies in operational business platforms, protect privacy and safeguard against waste, fraud and abuse. It provides technical advice to the Chief of Naval Operations and the Secretary of the Navy.
The Department of the U.S. Air Force was created in 1947 with focuses on developing Airmen, technology to war fighting and integrating operations. Its mission is to "fly, fight, and win… in air, space, and cyberspace."
The United States Army is the largest and oldest established branch of the U.S. military. The principal mission of the army is "to fight and win our Nation's wars by providing prompt, sustained land dominance across the full range of military operations and spectrum of conflict in support of combatant commanders." It works to preserving the peace and security and providing for the defense of the United States, supporting the national policies, implementing the national objectives, and overcoming any nations responsible for aggressive acts the imperil the peace and security of the United States.
The U.S. Army Research Laboratory's Army Research Office (ARO) mission is to serve as the Army's premier extramural basic research agency in the engineering, physical, information, and life sciences; developing and exploiting innovative advances to insure the Nation's technological superiority. The ARL was founded in 1992 to in order to create a centralized laboratory concentrating on scientific research, technology development, and analysis.