Men and Women who are sexually active should be screened for STDs once a year, or visit a physician any time they notice changes or feel something isn't right.
- What is it?
Hepatitis B is a viral infection that can be spread through oral, vaginal or anal sex and also through sharing infected needles. Acute Hepatitis B will go away. Some people develop chronic Hepatitis B which can lead to serious health problems.
- How is it transmitted?
Hepatitis B is transmitted through vaginal, anal or oral sex, needle sharing, blood exposure, body piercings or tattoos, toiletry sharing (toothbrushes, razors, etc.).
- What are the symptoms?
Many people with Hepatitis B have no symptoms. In those who do, they will be similar to the flu: tired, no appetite, mild fever, headache, stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or constipation, achy, rash, jaundice.
- How is it diagnosed and treated?
It is diagnosed through a blood test. Acute Hepatitis B usually goes away on its own. Those with the chronic condition need to be under a doctor's care to manage conditions that result from the virus.
- Future implications
Those with chronic Hepatitis B can develop liver problems and liver damage.
- How can it be prevented?
Abstinence is the best way to avoid transmission. Men using a new latex condom during intercourse or when receiving oral sex, can reduce the chances of transmission. Latex dental dams used correctly can aid in transmission reduction for oral sex on a women or oral to anal sex. If you choose to do drugs, always use a clean needle and never share needles with anyone else.