Design Basics by David A. Lauer and Stephen Pentak (pages 56 through
Launching the Imagination:Two Dimensional Design by Mary Stewart (3-9
Balance - some equal distribution of visual
weight - aim of composition that visual elements work cooperatively
However, purposeful imbalance has a place in design. Unlike
physical balance, visual balance can be created through
absence as well as presence.
The Dewing painting is interesting
and attracts attention for this unexpected quality.
In visual balance, we are accustomed to horizontal balance
- left and right sides.
Consider vertical balance also - horizontal axis dividing
top and bottom.
With our sense of gravity, we are accustomed to seeing more
weight toward the bottom.
When the main distribution of weight is higher, the image
becomes more unstable and dynamic.
In the whimsical work of Paul Klee, Tightrope Walker,
the linear patterns build up vertically with
the teetering figure near the top.
The Chagall painting as emphasis at the top. The dark buildings
and the floating figure in the sky give
emphasis to the
upper half of the composition.
Do some research on you own:
What is SYMMETRICAL BALANCE? - find examples
What is ASYMMETRICAL BALANCE? - find examples
What is RADIAL BALANCE? - find examples
What is CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC BALANCE? - find examples
(link to get you started and don't forget to use links on
Resource Page - Visual Arts Design Basics
* great link for - Radial Symmetry - explore Judy Chicago's work
in addition to this drawing
Judy Chicago, Rejection Quintet: Rejection Drawing, 1974
History of artists organizing layout in mathmatical equations:
The Golden Mean - The golden rectangle