Timothy M. Bray, Ph.D.

Assistant Professor of Criminology, Sociology, and Geographic Information Sciences
School of Social Sciences
University of Texas at Dallas

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Writing Tools

Nothing is more important in your educational career than the ability to clearly express your thoughts and ideas. While this ability is desirable in your speech, it is essential in your writing. When you write a paper, you communicate your knowledge and ability to your instructor, and he or she assesses and grades that knowledge. If your communication is hindered by poor use of the English language, your ideas will not be clearly communicated and your instructor will likely assign a lower grade than you believe you deserve.

I've included a number of useful links below.

APA Style Guidelines

Students writing papers for my classes must follow the guidelines established by the American Psychological Association (APA). The APA's collection of style guidelines encompasses various aspects of writing, including appropriate citation styles, paper organization, and the like. The full APA guidelines are contained in a book, available at any bookstore or academic library. I've included below a number links to limited APA references available on the web.

General Grammar Tools

Grammar is an important component of any writing assignment. The tools below provide general assistance with issues such as too versus to, affect versus effect, comma usage, and the like.

Dictionaries and Thesauri

If you are not sure what a word means, look it up! Do not favor a single expression repeatedly; find a synonym!

Contact Information


Voice: (972)883-4768
Fax: (972)883-2735


Postal Address:

School of Social Sciences
University of Texas at Dallas
P.O. Box 830688, M/S GR 31
Richardson, TX 75083-0688


[email protected]