Curricular Practical Training
Curricular Practical Training (CPT) may be available to F-1 students after one year of full-time enrollment, in the academic year immediately preceding CPT, at a U.S. university and before completion of the minimum graduation requirements.
Optional Practical Training
Optional Practical Training (OPT) may be available to F-1 students after one year of full-time enrollment, in the academic year immediately preceding OPT, at a U.S. university. F-1 students are eligible for up to one year of Optional Practical Training (OPT) per educational level. Types of OPT include:
To request for an OPT extension, visit the OPT 17-Month Extension webpage.
Severe Economic Hardship
F-1 students can apply for a Severe Economic Hardship work authorization if they have been enrolled at a U.S. college for at least one year and have experienced unforeseen economic difficulty while studying in the United States.
Internship with an International Organization
This F-1 employment benefit allows F-1 students to work for certain recognized international organizations. Employment authorization may be granted in increments of no more than one year.