Explanation and Learning

Seeking and Evaluating Explanations

  • This project examines how children evaluate the quality of explanations they hear. They will hear questions and explanations about the traits of unusual animals and decide how well the explanations answer the questions. Then, they will decide whether further explanations need to be given. We hope to understand more about how children seek out new information, and whether that depends on the quality of information they have just received.

Written and Spoken Word Study

  • This study examines how children evaluate written and spoken information. After hearing people give different names to a strange object, either by reading that name from a piece of paper or speaking it out loud, children will be asked what they would call the object themselves. They will also play a word-picture matching game. We hope to understand if children’s reading ability influences whether they are more likely to trust written or spoken information.